Wagon Mound

Also known as: Santa Clara Spring
E of Wagon Mound on U.S. 85, Wagon Mound, New Mexico



By Alix King - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4740690



Street View 


Wagon Mound, a lone stone butte, was the last great landmark on the westward journey across the plains of northeastern New Mexico. It was a guidepost seen by all travelers on the High Plains section of the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail. Santa Clara Spring, a natural camping spot two miles northwest of the mound, became the site of frequent Indian ambushes. Wagon Mound thus began to serve not only as a guide, but as a warning to travelers. Extensive ruts remain as evidence of the route of the trail. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, May 23, 1963

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
Areas of significance
Commerce; Military; Transportation; Exploration/Settlement
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Historic functions
Road-related; Camp; Conservation area
Current function
Agricultural fields
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1825-1849
Significant years
1822; 1868
Number of properties
Contributing sites: 2
Non-contributing structures: 3

Update Log 

  • May 29, 2020: New photo from Bill Eichelberger
  • June 25, 2016: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger