Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong

Portions of Columbus and Pancho Villa State Park, Columbus, New Mexico


Punitive truck train

Public Domain,


Street View 


On March 9, 1916, approximately 485 Mexican revolutionaries under the command of Gen. Francisco "Pancho" Villa (1877?-1923) crossed into the United States and attacked the sleeping border town of Columbus, killing 10 civilians and 8 soldiers. Without consulting the Mexican Government, President Wilson ordered a punitive expedition, led by Gen. John J. Pershing, into Mexico to capture Villa and prevent further raids across the international border. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, May 15, 1975

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 15, 1975
Reference number
Areas of significance
Military; Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Military facility; Hotel; Battle site; Business
Current functions
Single dwelling; Park
Period of significance
Significant years
1916; 1917
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 9
Contributing structures: 1

Update Log 

  • May 18, 2020: New photo from Bill Eichelberger
  • June 26, 2016: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger