Grove Farm

On HI 501, about 1 mi. SE of Lihue, Lihue, Hawaii



Photo taken for the Historic American Buildings Survey



Grove Farm, founded by George N. Wilcox in 1864, was one of 86 sugar plantations known to have operated in the Hawaiian Islands. Wilcox cultivated and harvested sugarcane and raised beef cattle, gradually expanding his sugar crop from 80 acres to more than 1,000 acres with a growing workforce of several hundred Hawaiians, Chinese, Koreans, Germans, Japanese, Portuguese, and Filipino laborers. As the plantation expanded he built and furnished the group of structures which faced a large yard enclosed by stone walls: the plantation office, sleeping quarters, a guest cottage, a more spacious addition to the main house, and a camp for plantation workers. The homestead was the heart of day-to-day plantation operations until the early 1930's. The one-story portion of the G.N. Wilcox family home was constructed in the 1850's for one of the founders of the adjacent Lihue Plantation. Its hipped roof, building materials, and lanais express an architectural marriage of traditional Hawaiian house forms and western building tradition. The two-story Colonial Revival portion added by Wilcox in 1915 was designed by noted Honolulu architect Clinton B. Ripley. -- Historic American Buildings Survey

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 25, 1974
Reference number
Areas of significance
Architecture; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Secondary structure; Business
Current function
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1850-1874
Significant years
1854; 1913; 1915
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 6


19th Century (37,054)
Built 1854 (324)
Built during 1850s (4,624)
C.W. Dicky (1)
Farm (1,867)
George N. Wilcox (1)
Hawaii (336)
Kauai County, Hawaii (37)
Lihue, Hawaii (6)
Private owner (54,396)
Stone (26,162)

Update Log 

  • May 17, 2012: Imported photos from HABS/HAER