George Armstrong Custer Equestrian Monument

Jct. of Elm Ave. and N. Monroe St., Monroe, Michigan

Photos 

Photo taken by Jim Allen in August 2013

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Map 

Street View 

Description 

A two sided Michigan Historical Marker here reads: George Armstrong Custer

Raised in Monroe, George Armstrong Custer graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1861. In 1863 he became a brigadier general and commanded the Michigan Cavalry Brigade. "Come On You Wolverine's!" was his battle cry while leading his men to victory over the Confederates at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. Custer commanded a division in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864 and his troops cut off the last avenue of escape for Robert E. Lee's army at Appomattox Courthouse on April 19, 1865. After the Civil War Custer was appointed lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry. On June 25, 1876, he gained notoriety at the Battle of the Little Big Horn where he and 266 others died. In 1877 his remains were reinterred at West Point.

Side 2: "Sighting The Enemy"

Edward C. Potter's sculpture Sighting The Enemy depicts General George Armstrong Custer pulling his horse up before entering battle. Custer is presented at a young age; he was only twenty-three years old when he faced the Confederate cavalry at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. Potter, educated at Amherst College, Boston Art Museum and in France, was selected because of his reputation for sculpting equestrian statues. Custer's widow, Libbe, was instrumental in his selection. The monument was originally dedicated at Washington and First streets on June 4, 1910 by President William H. Taft, Governor Fred M. Warner and Libbe Custer. Michigan Cavalry Brigade veterans serving on the monument commission included Colonel George C. Briggs, Brevet Brigadier General James H. Kidd and Lieutenant Frederick A. Nims.

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 9, 1994
Reference number
94001430
NR name
Custer, George Armstrong, Equestrian Monument
Areas of significance
Art; Social History
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Object
Historic functions
Monument/marker; Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art)
Current functions
Monument/marker; Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art)
Period of significance
1900-1924

Update Log 

  • August 22, 2013: Updated by Jim Allen: Refined coordinates
  • August 22, 2013: New photos from Jim Allen
  • September 30, 2012: New Street View added by Rattrak

Sources