Wisconsin State Reformatory

Also known as: Green Bay Correctional Institution
SE corner of Riverside Dr. and SR 172, Allouez, Wisconsin

Romanesque Revival style administration building and cell blocks anchoring a large complex

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Photo taken by J.R. Manning October 2018

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Description 

"The Wisconsin State Reformatory is laid out on a French lot stretching from what is now Riverside Drive near the Fox River, east to the East River in the Village of Allouez south of Green Bay. The Reformatory boundaries contains a compact complex of 21 inter-related buildings. The complex is designed with the administration building and flanking north and south cell houses form one side of the enclosing walls. The administration building acts as the hub from which admittance and circulation to the cell houses, dining center and vocational school takes place. The remaining buildings are all freestanding and are mostly clustered behind the main structure. The prison yard extends eastward behind the reformatory buildings and is enclosed by a 22 foot high concrete wall that features regularly spaced guard towers.

"The landscaped grounds in front of the reformatory are an important landscape feature of the overall design of the reformatory. They were landscape architect-designed in a popular style of the period. The naturalistic plan features curvilinear walks, a circular drive and mature trees including white oaks, shagbark hickories and other large ornamental species. The areas adjacent to the buildings are planted with newer shrubbery and grass...

"...The Wisconsin State Reformatory is being nominated under Criterion A at the state level for its historic significance as the first state-sponsored prison reformatory in Wisconsin. The historic uses of the various buildings reflect progressive ideologies in the treatment and subsequent rehabilitation of first time offenders at the reformatory. The Wisconsin Cultural Resource Management Plan expresses the need to identify and evaluate state institutional facilities. The nine contributing buildings and one contributing structure represent the reformatory's historic period 1898-1939, which was chosen to include the date of the earliest extant construction on the site (North Cell House) and continuing to 50 years prior to the present date. The 1939 end-date reflects the continued historical use of the reformatory as a criminal rehabilitation center.

"The Administration Building and the North and South cell houses are architecturally significant under criterion C because they are remarkably intact local examples of the Romanesque Revival style. The buildings are typical of the style in Wisconsin in terms of materials, massing and scale. In addition, the rotunda of the Administration Building is a dramatic and significant interior feature which is also very much intact."

Adapted from the National Register of Historic Places Registration Form prepared by Jodi Rubin and Diane Schwartz of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, November 7, 1989. A link to the document is listed below under "Sources."

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 3, 1990
Reference number
90000641
Architectural styles
Victorian: Italianate; Victorian: Romanesque
Areas of significance
Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
District
Historic function
Correctional facility
Current function
Correctional facility
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1925-1949
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 7
Contributing structures: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 9

Update Log 

  • October 30, 2018: Updated by J.R. Manning: Updated status, added description and added photos
  • May 24, 2017: New Street View added by Michael Miller

Sources