Monaghan Mill

201 Smythe St., Greenville, South Carolina


Monaghan Mill

Photo taken by Michael Miller in December 2018



Street View 


Monaghan Mill is significant for its association with the development of the textile industry in Greenville County from 1900 to 1946 and as an excellent intact example of cotton mill engineering and design at the turn of the twentieth century. Monaghan Mill was established in 1900 by first cousins Lewis Wardlaw Parker and Thomas Fleming Parker, who received financial support from their grandfather Thomas Fleming and advice from Francis W. Poe of the F.W. Poe Manufacturing Company, one of the leading textile manufacturers in the South. The Parkers named their new mill Monaghan after their grandfather Fleming’s native county in Ireland. From the start, the Parkers’ goal was to make Monaghan Mill and its village a model of enlightened paternalism. The main mill building, designed by Lockwood, Greene and Company, has a rectangular plan with four stories over a basement. The mill is constructed of brick perimeter walls laid in common bond and heavy timber framework. Cast iron columns support interior floors and are designed to carry the weight of heavy textile machinery. Two four-story blocks were constructed in the 1940s to accommodate modern equipment. Major spaces include a basement containing much of the mill’s original maintenance equipment, a two-story boiler room and two bathroom towers on the rear elevation, and three freight elevators servicing its main floor and basement. A smokestack, water tower, pond, and elements of historic landscaping all contribute to the historic character and significance of the property. Listed in the National Register October 4, 2005. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 4, 2005
Reference number
Architectural style
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival
Areas of significance
Commerce; Industry; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Manufacturing facility
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1925-1949
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Contributing structures: 3
Contributing sites: 1

Update Log 

  • December 5, 2018: New photo from Michael Miller
  • September 12, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo
  • September 12, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller