Mount Prospect Baptist Church

339 W. Black St., Rock Hill, South Carolina


Mount Prospect Baptist Church, Right Oblique

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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Mount Prospect Baptist Church has significance for its role in the development of the ethnic heritage of the city’s black community and for its status as a largely intact example of church architecture. In 1883, a group of African American Baptist’s began meeting in private homes in Rock Hill. Many had been members of other Baptist churches before the Civil War and desired their own church. The congregation grew and was organized in 1885, when the first building was constructed. They were originally known as First Baptist Church, Colored. After fire destroyed the first building, the congregation constructed a new building in 1900 that also burnt, in 1914. The present brick sanctuary, constructed in 1915, exhibits elements of the Romanesque Revival style. It features a two-story square tower at the right of the façade. Each of the tower’s facades features tall multi-light paired windows surmounted by louvered vents in arched openings. The interior of the sanctuary has exposed beams and metal ceiling with coffered design. Listed in the National Register June 10, 1992. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 10, 1992
Reference number
Architectural style
Victorian: Romanesque
Areas of significance
Ethnic Heritage - Black; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Religious structure
Current function
Religious structure
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1925-1949
Significant year

Update Log 

  • October 28, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo
  • October 28, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller