Old Pickens Presbyterian Church

SC 183, .25 mi. W of Oconee-Pickens Co. Line, Seneca, South Carolina

Historic church in Oconee County, SC


Old Pickens Presbyterian Church

Photo taken by Michael Miller


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Old Pickens Presbyterian Church, built 1849-51, is an excellent intact example of a mid-nineteenth century church built in the meeting house style and constructed of brick rather than the more common frame construction. It is also significant for its association with the mid-nineteenth century town of Pickens Court House (now often called Old Pickens) and as the only extant building surviving from the old town site. Pickens Court House was established in 1828 to serve as the seat for Pickens District, a new judicial district created from Pendleton District. Pickens Court House was never a large town, and only had a little over one hundred inhabitants by 1860, when it boasted the courthouse, several shops and stores, an academy, a newspaper, a hotel, a stable, a school, a jail, a Masonic lodge, and a church—Old Pickens Presbyterian Church, which was the only church ever active in the town and where worship was open to Christians of all denominations. The church is a one-story, rectangular, brick building with a gable roof that has a boxed cornice with returns. The façade has a central double-door with sidelights and transom. A paired window above the door provides light to the interior gallery. The interior of the church is well-preserved and contains walls finished in plaster applied over the brick, original pine flooring, original unpainted pews constructed of poplar and pine, and a gallery supported by large columns. A cemetery containing over 200 marked graves is also located to the rear and sides of the church. Listed in the National Register April 4, 1996. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on April 4, 1996
Reference number
Architectural style
Other architectural type; Mid-19th Century
Areas of significance
Architecture; Religion
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Religious structure; Cemetery
Current function
Periods of significance
1825-1849; 1850-1874
Significant years
1850; 1919
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Contributing sites: 1

Update Log 

  • November 8, 2013: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Overview"