Israel Stowell Temperance House

61-65 E. Walworth Ave., Delavan, Wisconsin

Photos 

Overview Looking Northeast

The Temperance House is thought to be the oldest extant structure in Delavan, a city rich in historic culture.

Photo taken by J.R. Manning in July 2010

Map 

This Historic Structure Is In Peril 

Written by J.R. Manning

Delavan's first European resident was Allen Perkins who built a log cabin just west of the eventual downtown area. The community was really settled by two brothers, Samuel and Henry Phoenix, who came from New England. Their goal was to set up a community based on temperance, sobriety and religion. They were also abolitionists and wanted a colony that would also be a safe haven for escaped slaves. The city was named for E.C. Delavan, a temperance leader from New York who never set foot in the city that bears his name.

A Baptist church was founded in 1839 that promoted temperance and abolition. Temperance was such an issue that deeds in Delavan carried a covenant that prohibited the ownership or consumption of alcoholic beverages on the property. (The law was struck down in 1849.)

Israel Stowell was one of the transplanted temperance supporters and he built a hotel in 1839, meant to be a stagecoach overnght stop. The hotel catered to Baptists, Yankees and those who did not indulge in the use of alcohol. If you weren't in one of those categories, you were turned away.

The temperance movement came to a close in Delavan in the mid 1840s. In 1847, Edmund and Jerimiah Mabie selected Delavan as the winter quarters for their U.S. Olympic Circus, the largest traveling show in the country at the time. After the collapse of the temperance movement, the Temperance House changed hands numerous times and at one point, in a strange twist of irony, it was a tavern. Its last commercial use was as a used book store. One can see shelves of books remaining inside the building.

The owner of the books (most of the bookstore inventory has been removed to reduce the load on the house's framework) the closed bookstore and the building itself is 87 years old. He is donating the house to the Delavan Historical Society.

The Israel Stowell Temperance House is in tough shape. It was condemned and was scheduled for demolition on July 1, 2010. As of this writing, the house still stands. A banner attached to the front pleads for help to save the historic structure. It is the oldest building in Delavan and according to the Wisconsin Historical Society, is the last temperance house in the state.

The demolition order was extended and recently has been lifted. On July 27, 2010, a consultant inspected the property to examine the possibility of saving the structure. Members of the city government have speculated the restoration of the house in order to use it as a resource center for historical research and possibly to house the offices of the historical society.

The results of the study are due approximately October 1.

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on August 11, 1978
Reference number
78000145
NR name
Stowell, Israel, Temperance House
Architectural styles
Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival; Victorian
Areas of significance
Exploration/Settlement; Social History
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Building
Historic functions
Hotel; Meeting hall
Period of significance
1825-1849
Significant year
1840

Update Log 

  • July 16, 2012: New photos from J.R. Manning
  • July 30, 2010: Essay added by J.R. Manning

Sources