South Carolina Governor's Mansion

800 Richland St., Columbia, South Carolina


South Carolina Governor's Mansion, Facade

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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Militarily, educationally, and politically significant, the South Carolina Governorís Mansion has played an integral part in the stateís history since its construction in 1855. The white stucco building with a flat roofline and low parapet was originally built as the officerís quarters for Arsenal Academy, one of two South Carolina military schools. The academy was forced to close because of the Civil War. The mansion was the only main building of the Arsenal Academy complex to survive when most of the city of Columbia burned down in 1865. In 1868, the spacious house was designated the executive mansion of South Carolina. Most all South Carolina governors since 1868 have resided in the mansion with the exception of two that occupied their own homes within the city of Columbia. A number of national dignitaries, including President Franklin D. Roosevelt, have been guests at the mansion. The mansionís simple architectural style possesses great integrity and the extensive gardens are fine examples of landscape architecture. Much of the landscaping improvement and the addition of the walled, brick-paved courtyard was done during the term of Governor Donald Russell (1963-65). Listed in the National Register June 5, 1970. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 5, 1970
Reference number
Areas of significance
Landscape Architecture; Military; Education; Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Educational related housing
Current functions
Single dwelling; Government office
Period of significance
Significant years
1855; 1865; 1868
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Contributing structures: 1
Contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • October 20, 2017: Updated by Michael Miller: Corrected "GPS Coordinates" and Added "Street View"
  • October 18, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" and Imported Photo
  • October 18, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller