Acoma

13 mi. S of Casa Blanca on NM 23, Casa Blanca, New Mexico

Photos 

Pueblo of Acoma

1. Historic American Buildings Survey AERIAL VIEW SHOWING PUEBLO AND CHURCH WITH IDENTIFYING BLOCK NUMBERS

Photo from the Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress

Map 

Description 

Acoma Pueblo, built on top of a giant, craggy mesa, is one of the oldest continuously occupied settlements in the United States. Founded as early as A.D. 1100, its location made it virtually impregnable in early times. The Mission of San Estevan del Rey, built to the side of the pueblo ca. 1629-1642 adds to the impressiveness of the site with its battered adobe walls and bold silhouette, a near-perfect blend of Indian and Spanish influences. The Acoma still use the pueblo and have considerable interaction with neighboring non-Indians, yet maintain their identity as a separate community with distinctive cultural systems. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, October 9, 1960

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
66000500
Architectural styles
Colonial; Other architectural type; Spanish Colonial
Areas of significance
Archeology - Prehistoric; Archeology - Aboriginal; Exploration/Settlement; Architecture; Religion
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; D - Information Potential
Property type
District
Historic functions
Village site; Religious structure; Ceremonial site; Single dwelling
Current functions
Village site; Religious structure; Single dwelling; Ceremonial site
Periods of significance
1499-1000 AD; 1900-1750 AD; 1749-1500 AD
Significant year
1100
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 2
Contributing sites: 2

Sources