Edmund Ruffin Plantation

Also known as: Marlbourne
11 mi. NE of Richmond on U.S. 360, Richmond, Virginia



This was the property of Edmund Ruffin (1794-1865), who used his plantation as a laboratory for agricultural experiments in an effort to improve on the soil-depleting agricultural practices of the ante-bellum South. An ardent pro-secessionist, he fired the first shot against Fort Sumter from Morris Island in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1861. After the collapse of the Confederacy, he took his own life at Marlbourne. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, July 19, 1964

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
NR name
Ruffin, Edmund, Plantation
Areas of significance
Politics/Government; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings
Current functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1825-1849
Significant years
1843; 1855
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 3


Edmund Ruffin Plantation
Posted September 27, 2016, by M. Eckert (ESEaspie [at] optonline [dot] net)

Edmund Ruffin committed suicide at "Redmoor" in Amelia County, where the Ruffin family refugeed during the Civil War. His body was transported to his home at "Marlbourne" in Hanover County, where he was buried next to his wife.