This was the property of Edmund Ruffin (1794-1865), who used his plantation as a laboratory for agricultural experiments in an effort to improve on the soil-depleting agricultural practices of the ante-bellum South. An ardent pro-secessionist, he fired the first shot against Fort Sumter from Morris Island in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1861. After the collapse of the Confederacy, he took his own life at Marlbourne. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, July 19, 1964
National Register information
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Posted September 27, 2016, by M. Eckert (ESEaspie [at] optonline [dot] net)
Edmund Ruffin committed suicide at "Redmoor" in Amelia County, where the Ruffin family refugeed during the Civil War. His body was transported to his home at "Marlbourne" in Hanover County, where he was buried next to his wife.