Fairfield Plantation

N of McClellanville, McClellanville, South Carolina


Fairfield Plantation, Facade-River Side

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov



Built ca. 1730, Fairfield Plantation is one of the oldest houses in the Santee River area of South Carolina. Notable as an excellent example of a wooden plantation house, Fairfield Plantation Fairfield is also important as the home of South Carolinians of prominence in both political and military service, such as Jacob Motte and Thomas Pinckney. Fairfield was built by the Lynch family who owned much of the land along the banks of the South Santee River. The hard-burned brick of the basement foundation, the floor plan, and the Georgian motifs suggest a date ca. 1730. An inscription etched in the mortar of one of the chimney which reads “January 27, 1766-completed” probably refers to the completion of the second floor additions and the new chimney added by Jacob Motte. Built of clapboards above a raised brick foundation, this two-story house features central porches on the south and north elevations. Both porches at one time were nearly identical, with pediments and their roofs supported by six Doric columns, two of which are engaged. The north side porch has since been altered. The porches, along with the small wings with parapets on the north side, were probably added by Thomas Pinckney at the end of the 18th century. The medium hipped roof is topped by two cross-shaped interior chimneys; the narrow cornice is embellished with simple diminutive brackets. The only dependency is a pumphouse built in the 1920s. Listed in the National Register July 25, 1974. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on July 25, 1974
Reference number
Architectural style
Areas of significance
Politics/Government; Architecture; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Secondary structure
Periods of significance
1700-1749; 1750-1799
Significant years
1730; 1766
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 1

Update Log 

  • August 18, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • July 15, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description"