Darby Plantation

SE of Edgefield off U.S. 25, Edgefield, South Carolina

Historic plantation home near Edgefield, SC


Darby Plantation, Right Oblique

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov


Street View 


Darby Plantation was built ca. 1842 by Nathaniel Lipscomb Griffith for his daughter, who married Milledge Luke Bonham. In 1856, Bonham was elected to the United States Congress as a States Rights Democrat, filling Preston Brooks’ vacant seat. He was re-elected without opposition, but resigned in 1860 with the rest of the South Carolina delegation when the state seceded. Bonham, also prominent in military affairs, served in the Confederate Congress until 1862 when he was elected Governor of South Carolina, a post which he served until 1864. As governor, Bonham was primarily concerned with coordinating military and civilian activities, increasing the productivity of the economy, and keeping up wartime morale. His plantation house served as his residence from 1845 until 1865. Although the structure’s style is basically that of an upcountry farmhouse, there is evidence of Greek Revival influence that can be seen in the square columns, boxed cornices, entrance treatment, and first-floor window lintels. The front porch is the most impressive feature of the house and extends half way around the building. Listed in the National Register August 13, 1974.

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on August 13, 1974
Reference number
Architectural style
Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival
Areas of significance
Military; Politics/Government
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
B - Person
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Single dwelling
Period of significance
Significant year
ca. 1842

Update Log 

  • October 24, 2018: New Street View added by Michael Miller
  • August 28, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • October 30, 2013: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Overview"