Gravel Hill Plantation

SW of Allendale off U.S. 301, Allendale, South Carolina


Gravel Hill Plantation, Facade

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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Gravel Hill Plantation is important not only as an example of Greek Revival architecture, but also as one of the few remaining plantations of the Buddenville area. In the first half of the nineteenth century Buddenville was a ôregion inhabited by large planters and land owners where wealth, affluence, culture and high standards of living were reflected in palatial homes and surroundings. Gravel Hill is one of the few structures in the Buddenville area that was not destroyed during the Civil War. Gravel Hill is a two-story white frame Greek Revival structure set upon a raised basement. Benjamin Lawton Willingham constructed this one-time plantation between 1857 and 1859. A gable roof and a one-story portico, which is supported by four wooden square columns, characterize the front fašade. Wooden balustrades both enclose and top the portico. A balustraded piazza with five small columns extends along the east fašade. A raised terrace connecting the front portico and side piazza was added ca. 1900, and the foundation was enclosed with cement ca. 1955. Two small wings have also been added to the building. The property also includes a two-story frame smokehouse. Listed in the National Register May 28, 1976. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 28, 1976
Reference number
Architectural style
Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival
Areas of significance
Politics/Government; Architecture; Religion
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings
Current function
Single dwelling
Periods of significance
1950-1974; 1900-1924; 1850-1874
Significant years
1857; 1859; 1865
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 2
Non-contributing structures: 1

Update Log 

  • August 15, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • June 9, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Corrected "GPS Coordinates" and Added "Street View" & "Description"