Magnolia Plantation

5487 LA HWY 119, Derry, Louisiana


Magnolia Plantation, Cotton Press-Gin

General view looking from the south to cotton press gin

Photo from the Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress



Magnolia Plantation is significant in the history of American agriculture as one of the largest and most intact plantation complexes in the southern United States. The site contains a collection of extremely rare slave cabins. Magnolia also retains its cotton pressing and ginning equipment. The late nineteenth century system gin is an extremely rare survivor within the region, as is the antebellum screw press. Considered in context with extant structures on the plantation, cotton gins are potentially a powerful tool with which to interpret the American South's quintessential industry, the production of raw cotton. The period of significance spans from c.1835, the date of the earliest building, to 1939, when Magnolia, following a trend across the South during the 1930s and 40s, stopped ginning its own cotton. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, January 3, 2001

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on March 7, 1979
Reference number
Architectural style
Other architectural type; Acadian Cottage
Areas of significance
Architecture; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings
Current functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings
Periods of significance
1875-1899; 1825-1849
Significant years
1840; 1899
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 13
Contributing structures: 3
Non-contributing buildings: 1