SC 341, Johnsonville, South Carolina


Browntown, Moses Brown House

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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Browntown is a unique collection of buildings reflecting the self-sufficient way of life practiced by several generations of the Brown family during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Moses Brown and his son and grandsons were self-sufficient farmers who operated their own brick kiln, grist mill, lumber mill, cotton gin, retail and wholesale mercantile business, and school. The property nominated contains the eleven remaining Browntown buildings, including the cotton gin building, three residences, the school, a tobacco barn, and several outbuildings. Architecturally, these buildings, which include examples of both log and frame construction, reflect the building technologies of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In addition, the cotton gin building, which was built on the site, is significant in the field of engineering. The buildings at Browntown are grouped in two complexes, one group adjacent to the road and the other across the fields around the cotton gin building. The rustic character of the frame buildings, the weathered wood, and the plowed fields establish a distinct rural character that unifies the complex. Listed in the National Register June 28, 1982. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 28, 1982
Reference number
Areas of significance
Engineering; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural outbuildings; Agricultural fields; Manufacturing facility
Current function
Agricultural fields
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1825-1849; 1925-1949
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 7
Contributing structures: 4

Update Log 

  • September 5, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View", Corrected "GPS Coordinates" and Imported Photo
  • September 5, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller