Jonathan Sturges House

Also known as: The Cottage
449 Mill Plain Rd., Fairfield, Connecticut



Built in 1840, this one of the earliest and best preserved architect-designed Gothic Revival cottages in the country. The house is one of the very few completely documented 19th-century structures--its documentation even includes a color rendering of the architect Joseph Collins Wells' design. Its owner, Jonathan Sturges, played an important role in establishing the validity of an American School of Art, leading broad-based efforts to display, publicize, and garner commissions for the work of American artists. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, April 19, 1994

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 23, 1984
Reference number
NR name
Sturges, Jonathan, House
Areas of significance
Architecture; Art
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Secondary structure
Current functions
Single dwelling; Secondary structure
Periods of significance
1875-1899; 1825-1849; 1850-1874
Significant years
1840; 1883; 1895
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 3
Contributing structures: 2
Non-contributing structures: 1