Maj. John Hammond Fordham House

415 Boulevard, Orangeburg, South Carolina


Major John Hammond Fordham House, Facade

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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The Major John Hammond Fordham House reflects the achievements of the original owner. Fordham was a lawyer and prominent citizen of Orangeburg, who was able to take advantage of expanded opportunities for African American South Carolinians in the period between the end of the Civil War and the disfranchisement and Jim Crow legislation of the turn of the century. Besides practicing law, Fordham served in several appointive governmental positions and was a leader in the Republican Party in the state. The house is also significant as an example of the work of William Wilson Cooke, a pioneer African American architect. Built in 1903, the one-and-a-half story framed Victorian cottage residence has a pyramidal roof with two tall brick chimneys. The basicly square plan has a projecting gabled ell with a polygonal bay on the north side of the fašade. A bracketed cornice and a rooftop balustrade are carried around the bay. The gable end has shingle siding and an oval attic window. A porch with paired colonettes on brick bases shelters the fašade. Listed in the National Register September 20, 1985. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on September 20, 1985
Reference number
NR name
Fordham, Maj. John Hammond, House
Architectural style
Other architectural type; Palladian
Areas of significance
Ethnic Heritage - Black; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Single dwelling
Period of significance
Significant year

Update Log 

  • October 2, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo