Prospect Hill

Off Laurel Hill Rd., Edisto Island, South Carolina


Prospect Hill, Facade

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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Prospect Hill’s significance lies in its architectural qualities and in its association with the production of sea island cotton. Constructed ca. 1800 for Ephraim Baynard, the mansion is located on a high bluff overlooking the South Edisto River. In 1860, Prospect Hill belonged to William Grimball Baynard, an elder in Edisto Island Presbyterian Church, Justice of the Peace, Justice of the Quorum, and owner of 220 slaves. The property passed in 1861, at his death, to his son William G. Baynard. The house and plantation have gone to other owners, outside of the family. Prospect Hill is a two-story, weatherboard clad, frame residence in the Federal style, which has a low pitched, hipped roof and a raised, full brick basement. The plan is rectangular with a central hall on each of the two floors. There is a one-story, hipped roof porch across the entire façade and a projecting, two-story, two-bay, hipped roof pavilion at the rear elevation. Two interior brick chimneys with stuccoed necking, corbeling, and triple stacks pierce the rear slope of the roof. The porch across the façade features five bays, plain columns, a simple balustrade with slat balusters, dentil molding, and modillions with pellet molding. Listed in the National Register November 28, 1986. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 1986
Reference number
Areas of significance
Architecture; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Single dwelling
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1825-1849
Significant years
ca. 1800; 1862

Update Log 

  • August 19, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • July 28, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description"