Citizens and Southern National Bank of South Carolina

50 Broad St., Charleston, South Carolina

Photo 

Citizens and Southern National Bank of South Carolina, Facade

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Street View 

Description 

Significant in the commercial history of Charleston and the nation, the building was built as a bank and was used as such from 1798 to 1835, a role assumed again in 1966 when Citizens and Southern National Bank acquired the property. It is believed to be the oldest building built for a bank now in use as a bank in the United States. From 1835 to 1916 the building housed the Charleston Library Society, one of the oldest in the nation; and from 1916 to 1966 housed the Charleston Chamber of Commerce, also one of the oldest in the nation. The two-story, red brick building has limestone trim over windows and doors, a hipped roof and a T-shaped floor plan. The first floor fašade of extending center wing features a pair of stepped arch windows on either side of double, three-panel door with fanlight. The second floor level fašade has three stepped arch windows and is surmounted by a triangular pediment with semi-circular fanlight. The reception room has original carved woodwork, original black and white marble tile floor, and graceful cluster columns. The interior arch of the main doorway has a bas-relief carving of eagles. The iron grillwork fence was copied from ca. 1868 photographs of the original fence which was destroyed by the 1886 earthquake. The driveways on the east and west sides of the building were converted into small gardens typical of the charming courtyard gardens for which Charleston is noted. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 6, 1971
Reference number
71000747
Areas of significance
Commerce; Education; Architecture
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Building
Historic functions
Organizational; Financial institution
Current functions
Museum; Financial institution
Periods of significance
1750-1799; 1825-1849
Significant years
1798; 1835

Update Log 

  • August 18, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • July 14, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Corrected "GPS Coordinates" and Added "Street View" & "Description"
  • July 14, 2014: New Street View added by Michael Miller

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Sources