Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops

300 East Martin Street, Martinsburg, West Virginia


File:B and O Martinsburg Shops with CSX train.jpg

Photo taken by Acroterion

License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA)

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The shops are a unique example of innovative 19th century engineering and industrial architecture. The roundhouse is supported by an early cast-iron framing system devised by renowned railroad engineer and manager, Albert Fink. These shops were also the center of a social uprising known as the "Great Railway Strike of 1877," a pivotal episode in American labor history that marked a new beginning of industrial conflict and change. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, July 31, 2003

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on July 31, 2003
Reference number
Architectural style
Other architectural type; Early Industrial
Areas of significance
Transportation; Engineering; Architecture; Invention; Social History
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1875-1899
Significant years
1866; 1877
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 3
Non-contributing buildings: 1
Non-contributing structures: 3
Non-contributing sites: 1
Non-contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • December 12, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller