First Self-Sustaining Nuclear Reaction, Site of

Also known as: The Enrico Fermi Memorial
S. Ellis Ave. between E. 56th and 57th Sts., Chicago, Illinois

Photo 

Monument

Photo Courtesy Illinois Historic Preservation Agency HAARGIS Database

View this photo at gis.hpa.state.il.us

Map 

Description 

Here, on December 2, 1942, a small group of scientists under the supervision of Nobel laureate (1938) Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) achieved for the first time the controlled release of nuclear energy. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, February 18, 1965

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
66000314
Area of significance
Science
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; B - Person
Property type
Site
Historic function
Research facility
Current function
Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art)
Period of significance
1925-1949
Significant year
1942
Number of properties
Contributing sites: 1
Non-contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • July 19, 2010: New photo from Nathan Holth