Spirit Mound

Also known as: Paha Wakan
N of Vermillion, Vermillion, South Dakota

Photos 

Photo taken by Jim Allen in Aug. 2017

Enlarge

Map 

Description 

Members of the Lewis & Clark expedition hiked up this mound on August 25, 1804. Clark wrote that the mound is "Suppose to be the residence of Deavels. That they are in human form with remarkable large heads, and about 18 inches high, that they are very watchful and are arm'd with Sharp arrows with which they Can Kill at a great distance; they are Said to kill all persons who are So hardy as to attempt to approach the hill; they state that tradition informs them that many Indians have Suffered by these little people.So much do the Maha [Omaha], Soues [Sioux], Ottoes [Otoes] and other neighboring nations believe this fable, that no Consideration is Sufficient to induce them to approach the hill."

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 19, 1974
Reference number
74001889
Area of significance
Exploration/Settlement
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Site
Historic function
Conservation area
Current functions
Conservation area; Agricultural outbuildings
Period of significance
1800-1824
Significant year
1804

Update Log 

  • October 26, 2017: Updated by Jim Allen: added description
  • October 18, 2017: New photos from Jim Allen

Sources