Long Cane Massacre Site

W of Troy off SC 10, Troy, South Carolina


Long Cane Massacre Site

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov



The Long Cane Massacre Site is significant to the history of exploration and settlement in South Carolina and for its association with the Cherokee War of 1760-61 and the Calhoun settlement of Long Cane. The property includes the gravestone which marks the place where twenty-three of the Long Cane settlers were killed in a bloody massacre by the Cherokee Indians on February 1, 1760. Among those killed was Catherine Calhoun, matriarch of the Calhoun family, who figured prominently in the settlement of upcountry South Carolina. Long Cane Massacre can be attributed in part to a boundary dispute between the Cherokee Indians and white settlers over a parcel of land lying between Long Cane Creek and Little River. The site is located in a secluded area, contributing to the preservation of the site’s historic integrity. A small metal footbridge, built ca. 1945, spans a small stream near the gravestone. Listed in the National Register January 27, 1983. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on January 27, 1983
Reference number
Area of significance
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Historic function
Unoccupied land
Period of significance
Significant year
Number of properties
Contributing sites: 1
Contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • September 25, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" and Imported Photo
  • September 25, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller