Horn Antenna

Also known as: Horn Reflector Antenna
Off Garden State Parkway in Crawford Hill Facility, Holmdel, New Jersey

Map 

Description 

The Horn Antenna, at the Bell Telephone Laboratories, is associated with the research work of two radio astronomers, Dr. Arno A. Penzias and Dr. Robert A. Wilson. In 1965, while using the Horn Antenna, Penzias and Wilson stumbled on the microwave background radiation that permeates the universe. This discovery--the most important in modern astronomy since Edwin Hubble demonstrated in the 1920s that the universe was expanding--provided evidence that confirmed the "Big Bang" theory of the creation of the universe. In 1978 Penzias and Wilson received the Nobel Prize for Physics. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, December 20, 1989

National Register information 

Note: The following information comes from the NRHP database and has not been verified.
Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 20, 1989
Reference number
89002457
Area of significance
Science
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; B - Person
Property type
Structure
Historic function
Research facility
Current function
Research facility
Period of significance
1950-1974
Significant years
1964; 1965