Fort Frederick State Park

Also known as: Fort Frederick
SE of Big Pool near jct. of MD 56 and 44, Big Pool, Maryland


Fort Frederick

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Albert S. Burns, Photographer C. 1934, 1935. PERSPECTIVE SKETCH

Photo from the Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress



The Southern Colonies' largest and best preserved architectural example of an 18th-century frontier fort erected for frontier defense against Indians. It sheltered some 700 people during the 1763 Pontiac War, and, from 1777 to 1783, it served as a prisoner-of-war camp for captured British and German soldiers during the War for Independence. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, November 7, 1973

The Civilian Conservation Corps started restoration of the fort in the 1930s. The barracks were rebuilt in 1975 for the bicentennial.

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 7, 1973
Reference number
Areas of significance
Military; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Current function
Period of significance
Significant years
1775; 1783
Number of properties
Contributing structures: 1
Contributing sites: 3

Update Log 

  • May 28, 2015: Updated by Jim Allen: Added restoration note