Fort Pillow

TN 87, Fort Pillow, Tennessee

Map 

Description 

Constructed by Confederate engineers, the fort was occupied by Union troops in June 1862 and recaptured in April 1864 by Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. Among the approximately 570 Union soldiers were 262 Black soldiers--ex-slaves recruited in Tennessee and Alabama; in the savage, no-quarter fighting, 229 Black soldiers were killed by the Confederates. News of the fight--labeled a massacre--had a profound effect: "Remember Fort Pillow" became a battle cry of Black soldiers. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, May 30, 1974

National Register information 

Note: The following information comes from the NRHP database and has not been verified.
Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on April 11, 1973
Reference number
73001806
Areas of significance
Military; Ethnic Heritage - European; Politics/Government
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Site
Historic function
Fortification
Current function
Park
Period of significance
1850-1874
Significant years
1861; 1864