Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
Also known as: Horseshoe Bend BattlefieldTallapoosa River, 12 mi. N of Dadeville on AL 49, Dadeville, Alabama
A U.S. National Military Park managed by the National Park Service that is the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814.
+32.96941, -85.7250932°58'10" N, 85°43'30" W
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park is a U.S. National Military Park managed by the National Park Service that is the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814. General Andrew Jackson's Tennessee militia, aided by the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment and Cherokee and Upper Creek allies, finally crushed Lower Creek Red Stick resistance at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River. Jackson's decisive victory at Horseshoe Bend broke the power of the Creek Nation.
This was the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814. General Andrew Jackson's Tennessee militia, aided by the 39th U. S. Infantry Regiment and Cherokee and Creek allies, crushed the Creek Nation's Red Stick resistance at this site on the Tallapoosa River. Over 800 Upper Creeks died defending their homeland. This was the largest loss of life for Native Americans in a single battle in the history of United States.
On August 9, 1814, the Creeks signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ceded 23 million acres (93,000 kmē) of land in Alabama and Georgia to the United States government.
National Register information
- Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
- Reference number
- Areas of significance
- Archeology - Aboriginal; Conservation; Military
- Level of significance
- Evaluation criteria
- A - Event
- Property type
- Historic functions
- Village site; Camp; Battle site
- Current functions
- Park; Monument/marker
- Period of significance
- Significant years
- 1813; 1814
- Number of properties
- Contributing sites: 4
Contributing objects: 2
Non-contributing buildings: 4
- May 23, 2011: Updated by WillyT: Added Description