Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Also known as: Horseshoe Bend Battlefield
Tallapoosa River, 12 mi. N of Dadeville on AL 49, Dadeville, Alabama

A U.S. National Military Park managed by the National Park Service that is the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814.

Map 

Description 

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park is a U.S. National Military Park managed by the National Park Service that is the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814. General Andrew Jackson's Tennessee militia, aided by the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment and Cherokee and Upper Creek allies, finally crushed Lower Creek Red Stick resistance at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River. Jackson's decisive victory at Horseshoe Bend broke the power of the Creek Nation.

This was the site of the last battle of the Creek War on March 27, 1814. General Andrew Jackson's Tennessee militia, aided by the 39th U. S. Infantry Regiment and Cherokee and Creek allies, crushed the Creek Nation's Red Stick resistance at this site on the Tallapoosa River. Over 800 Upper Creeks died defending their homeland. This was the largest loss of life for Native Americans in a single battle in the history of United States.

On August 9, 1814, the Creeks signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ceded 23 million acres (93,000 kmē) of land in Alabama and Georgia to the United States government.

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
66000060
Areas of significance
Archeology - Aboriginal; Conservation; Military
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
District
Historic functions
Village site; Camp; Battle site
Current functions
Park; Monument/marker
Period of significance
1800-1824
Significant years
1813; 1814
Number of properties
Contributing sites: 4
Contributing objects: 2
Non-contributing buildings: 4

Update Log 

  • May 23, 2011: Updated by WillyT: Added Description

Sources