Musgrove's Mill Historic Battle Site

2.5 mi. S of Cross Anchor on SC 56, Cross Anchor, South Carolina

Revolutionary War battlefield near Cross Anchor, SC

Photos 

Musgrove's Mill Historic Battle Site, Mary Musgrove Monument

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Description 

The battle of Musgrove’s Mill, fought on August 18, 1780, was an early American victory in the South during the Revolution. The successful surprise attack lead by American Colonel Charles McDowell on the British post at Musgrove’s Mill indicated a weakness in the British hold on the backcountry. American troops routed a combined detachment of British and Tories at a ford on the Enoree River, but were forced to retreat to the mountains of North Carolina when Loyalist forces converged on the area. In this battle, British losses included 60 killed, 90 wounded, and 70 taken prisoner. Four Americans were killed and nine wounded. Occurring at the same time as the American defeat at Camden, this victory gave the American cause a badly needed boost in morale. The National Register site includes the land north of the Enoree River ford as well as a triangular portion of land south of the Enoree, opposite the mouth of Cedar Shoals Creek, where Major Edward Musgrove’s plantation house was standing until it burned in 1971. This is the area where the British and Tories were encamped at the time of the battle. Listed in the National Register March 4, 1975. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on March 4, 1975
Reference number
75001708
Area of significance
Military
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Site
Historic function
Battle site
Current function
Park
Period of significance
1750-1799
Significant year
1780

Update Log 

  • November 20, 2015: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • October 23, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • November 15, 2013: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Overview", Updated "GPS Coordinates"

Sources