Fort Bayard Historic District

0.5 mi. N of jct. of US 180 and NM 152, Santa Clara, New Mexico


Ft. Bayard

By From the National Archives RG92-F-7-9 -, Public Domain,



Street View 


Established as an army post on August 21, 1866, by troops of Company B, 25th U.S. Colored Infantry under the command of Lt. James M. Kerr to protect the area of Silver City until 1899. Buffalo Soldiers manned the post for these 33 years fighting in numerous Apache wars. The War Department on August 28, 1899, authorized the Surgeon General to establish a general hospital for use as a military sanatorium dedicated to the treatment of officers and enlisted men of the Army suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis contracted during the Spanish American-War (1898.) In 1920 the War Department closed the sanatorium in a effort to consolidate services. The Public Health Service briefly took control of the Fort until 1922 when the newly created Veterans Bureau moved into the Veterans Hospital Number 55. Today, Fort Bayard Medical Center still operates as a long/intermediate-term and skilled-care facility that provides various geriatric and orthopedic services under the direction of the State of New Mexico Health Department. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, March 19, 2004

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on July 7, 2002
Reference number
Architectural styles
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Classical Revival; Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Colonial Revival; ET AL.
Areas of significance
Military; Exploration/Settlement; Health/Medicine; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; D - Information Potential
Property type
Historic functions
Military facility; Sanatorium; Hospital
Current function
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1875-1899; 1900-1924; 1925-1949; 1950-1974
Significant years
1866; 1899; 1920
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 70
Contributing structures: 8
Contributing sites: 10
Non-contributing buildings: 5
Non-contributing structures: 1
Non-contributing sites: 2
Non-contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • May 20, 2020: New photo from Bill Eichelberger
  • June 26, 2016: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger