Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site

119 Vanderbilt Park Rd., Hyde Park, New York


Vanderbilt Mansion

Photo taken by Richard Doody in 1990



Street Views 


Representative of carriage drive systems in parks and the country estates of the wealthy, the roads of Vanderbilt Mansion served both aesthetic and practical functions. The drives were laid out not only to provide practical routes across the landscape, but also to allow recreational users the opportunity to experience the landscape. As part of a changing and evolving landscape, moreover, the drives have maintained their basic functions. The drives are significant not only in their function but also because much of the system was constructed using the Telford method of paving. Telford roads, first designed by Scotsman Thomas Telford (1757-1834), were constructed of a bottom layer of thick stones, which was covered with a layer of smaller stones and then a thinner layer of gravel. The drives include rustic and classical bridges of varying designs that complement the landscape as well. The landscape design is significant as the only remaining work of Andre Parmentier. -- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER NY-317)

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
Architectural style
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Beaux Arts
Areas of significance
Landscape Architecture; Economics; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899
Significant years
1896; 1899; 1897
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 9
Contributing structures: 11
Contributing sites: 4

Update Log 

  • May 9, 2018: New photos from Richard Doody