Pendleton Historic District

Bounded on W by Hopewell and Treaty Oak, N by Old Stone Church, E by Montpelier, and S by town limits, Pendleton, South Carolina

Map 

Description 

Built about 1785 initially a log structure, Hopewell is representative of a rural house type, which was common in the late 18th and early 19th century in the backcountry of South Carolina. Beginning with a small log structure as a frontier pioneer home of General Andrew Pickens. Hopewell was substantially enlarged by Pickens and was his plantation home for approximately 20 years. Hopewell was later home to his son Andrew Pickens, Jr., his son Francis Wilkinson Pickens; the house today is also called Cherry Farm from the name of a later occupant.The significance of Hopewell rests on the national stature of Gen. Pickens. Pickes is significant for contributions as a Revolutionary War General and later as a Native-American negotiator. While Pickens heroics at the Battle of Cowpens are well known, his decades of negotiations with the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Chickamaguas was monumental in peaceful treaties and cohabitation with Native-Americans following the Revolution. Most notable the Treat of Hopewell with the Cherokees, Choctaws, and Chickasaws still provide civil liberties to Native-Americans... -- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS SC-873)

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1970
Reference number
70000560
Architectural style
Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival
Areas of significance
Industry; Archeology - Aboriginal; Commerce; Military; Politics/Government; Architecture; Communications; Agriculture
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; B - Person; D - Information Potential
Property type
District
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural fields
Current functions
Single dwelling; Agricultural fields
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1750-1799; 1825-1849
Significant year
1789
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 50
Contributing sites: 12

Sources