City of Camden Historic District

Bounded on S by city limits, on E and W by Southern RR. right-of-way, and on N by Dicey Creek Rd., Camden, South Carolina

Historic district in Camden, SC


Robert Mills Kershaw County Courthouse

Photo taken by Michael Miller


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Architecturally and militarily significant, Camden was a center of activity in both the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, and its architecture reflects the two centuries of its growth. The city was named in honor of Lord Camden, British champion of colonial rights. In 1774 wide streets were laid off in a grid pattern. The town expanded northward as shown in a 1798 plat. The plat set aside six parks which formed the basis for the city’s present 178 acres of beautiful parkland. Most of the original town was destroyed by the fire of 1813. This accelerated growth northward to the Kirkwood area, north of Chesnut Street. Originally, the houses in this area were summer cottages, but by 1840 Kirkwood was a year-round residential area of handsome mansions and elaborate gardens. Many of the mansions were built around the cottages, which still survive at their core. Contributing properties are mostly residential but also include public buildings, a church, and a cemetery. Camden’s architecture is classically inspired and includes examples of Federal and Classical Revival, in addition to cottage-type, Georgian, Charleston-type with modifications, and mansion-type houses. Several of the city’s buildings were designed by noted architect Robert Mills. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 6, 1971
Reference number
Architectural styles
Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival; Georgian; Other architectural type; Raised cottage
Areas of significance
Landscape Architecture; Military; Literature; Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Courthouse; Single dwelling
Current functions
Single dwelling; Courthouse
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1750-1799; 1825-1849
Significant years
1774; 1813; 1840
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 48
Contributing structures: 2
Contributing sites: 8
Contributing objects: 3

Update Log 

  • September 17, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • November 6, 2013: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Overview"
  • November 6, 2013: New photos from Michael Miller