Columbia Historic District I

Roughly bounded by Elmwood, Assembly, Laurel, and Wayne Sts., Columbia, South Carolina

Photos 

Governor's Mansion, 800 Richland St.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Street View 

Description 

The area of the Columbia Historic District I was established as a result of Columbia’s development into a center of government and trade between the upper and lower parts of the state. Also known as Arsenal Hill, the area was a complex of fine mansions and attractive homes built before the Civil War. The district is politically significant as a center of state and nationally related affairs with the Governor’s Mansion as the focal point. It is architecturally significant for the variety of architectural styles indicative or unique to the area such as Greek Revival, Italianate, Classical Revival, and the “Columbia Cottage.” Noteworthy landscape architecture in the district includes the Caldwell-Hampton-Boylston House gardens, a significant example of evolving garden planning from the time the house was built ca. 1830 through its development formally in the 1890s to the present. Arsenal Hill has retained stately tree-lined streets and a number of its original homes. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 6, 1971
Reference number
71000798
Architectural styles
Early Republic; Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival; Other architectural type; Columbia Cottage
Areas of significance
Industry; Landscape Architecture; Military; Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
District
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Manufacturing facility
Current functions
Civic; Government office
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1750-1799; 1825-1849
Significant years
1790; 1825; 1865
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 9
Non-contributing buildings: 2

Update Log 

  • October 8, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo

Sources