Roma Historic District

Also known as: Roma-Los Saenz
Properties along Estrella and Hidalgo Sts. between Garfield St. and Bravo Alley, Roma, Texas



As a rare surviving intact community, Roma's architectural fabric represents the evolution of a key town in the border region during the 19th century. Roma is the only intact U.S. settlement that derives from the mid-18th century colonization and town planning efforts of Jose de Escandon; the Escandon town planning, colonization, and land grant system are of key historic significance in the development of Spanish Empire and in the unfolding of the Mexican Northeast and the American Southwest, 1748-1835. Roma's buildings form a virtual "living catalog" of the different building technologies uses along hte lower Rio Grande in the 19th century. The brickwork of a number of residences and commercial structures in the district that were designed by Henrique Portscheller is strikingly elegant, featuring rounded corners and finely carved classical motifs. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, November 4, 1993

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on July 31, 1972
Reference number
Architectural styles
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Classical Revival; Other architectural type; Vernacular Mexican
Areas of significance
Architecture; Commerce; Ethnic Heritage - Hispanic; Exploration/Settlement
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Specialty store; Church related residence; Religious structure; Single dwelling
Current functions
Specialty store; Single dwelling; Religious structure; Church related residence
Periods of significance
1825-1849; 1850-1874; 1875-1899; 1900-1924
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 35
Contributing structures: 1
Contributing sites: 1
Contributing objects: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 7