Cheraw Historic District

Bounded by Front, Kershaw, 3rd, McIver, Cedar, Greene, Christian, and Church Sts., Cheraw, South Carolina

Photos 

Town Hall, Market and Second Streets

Constructed: ca. 1858

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Description 

Around 1736 Welsh Baptists came to South Carolina and settled in the Pee Dee region. In 1766 Eli Kershaw, who had been given a grant of land along the Pee Dee River, laid out the town of Cheraw. It was incorporated in 1820. Located at a key navigational point, Cheraw began to develop as a commercial center of interior South Carolina; however, the Civil War and Reconstruction temporarily halted this progress. For a time development was impeded and rebuilding was delayed. Although the town eventually prospered, much of its physical character remained unaltered. The town of Cheraw also played an important role in South Carolina military history. During both the American Revolution and the Civil War, British and Union troops used St. David’s Episcopal Church as a hospital. The meeting house style church still stands today. Additionally in 1825, Revolutionary War figure Marquis de Lafayette stayed in Cheraw during his tour of the United States. Located within the district are a variety of architectural styles that include the early frame homes of the 1800s (often called upcountry farmhouses, or essentially I-House in type), antebellum structures with Classical Revival details and Greek Revival porticos, and Victorian houses from the turn of the century. The district also includes several churches, a cemetery, and the towns’ original boundary markers dating from 1766. Listed in the National Register November 20, 1974. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 20, 1974
Reference number
74001844
Architectural style
Mixed architectural types
Areas of significance
Community Planning and Development; Landscape Architecture; Archeology - Aboriginal; Commerce; Transportation; Politics/Government; Architecture; Religion
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; B - Person; D - Information Potential
Property type
District
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Specialty store; Business
Current functions
Single dwelling; Specialty store
Periods of significance
1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1800-1824; 1750-1799; 1825-1849
Significant years
1766; 1865
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 39
Contributing objects: 1

Update Log 

  • August 19, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • August 8, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View"
  • August 8, 2014: New Street View added by Michael Miller

Sources