New Brookland Historic District

Also known as: Old West Columbia
Roughly bounded by Alexander Rd., Augusta, State, Spring, and Meeting Sts., West Columbia, South Carolina


Edward W. Shull Building, 410 Meeting St.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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The New Brookland Historic District is the historical nucleus of the City of West Columbia. It emerged in 1894 as a planned residential community for operatives of the Columbia Duck Mill, one of the first hydroelectrically powered textile mills in the nation. More than 150 buildings record the transformation of a rural area, with five scattered residences in 1891, into a community of more than 5,000 persons by 1907. The district is composed of approximately 20 early twentieth century commercial structures, the city’s historical business core, and the “mill village,” a 24 block residential area east of the old business district and overlooking the Congaree River. Built in successive stages in 1894, 1896, 1899, 1907 and 1916, along tree-lined streets, the village’s more than 135 houses are of one and two story frame construction. Most of the dwellings date from 1894-99 and are of three distinct types: the overseer’s house of seven rooms, with distinguishing “L” shape; the eight room duplex; and the four room single family residence. Brookland or New Brookland existed as a community in the 1880s, but its real stimulus was the opening of the Columbia Duck Mill by the Columbia Mills Company in 1894, on the Columbia side of the river, to which there was access via a bridge. The community’s older names persisted until 1938 when the town name was changed to West Columbia. Listed in the National Register October 10, 1978. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 10, 1978
Reference number
Areas of significance
Industry; Community Planning and Development; Commerce; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Business
Current functions
Single dwelling; Business
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 23
Non-contributing buildings: 4

Update Log 

  • September 24, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo