Charlotte Avenue-Aiken Avenue Historic District

Roughly, Aiken Ave. from College Ave. to Charlotte Ave. and Charlotte from Aiken to Union Ave., Rock Hill, South Carolina


Hughes Walker House, 401 Charlotte Ave.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

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The Charlotte Avenue-Aiken Avenue Historic District is significant its architecture and for its role in the development of the Oakland section of Rock Hill, a major residential development beginning in 1891 which had a significant impact on the growth and development of Rock Hill. The district also has significance as part of an effort at community planning by a private company. William Blackburn Wilson was a Rock Hill attorney and politician who gained an option on a large tract of land to the northwest of the city. After a trip to the west in 1890 where his family was greatly impressed with Oakland, California, Wilson returned and began to create the concept of a large new development. In 1891, the Rock Hill Land and Town Site Company was established. Residential construction took place from 1891 through the 1930s. The Charlotte Avenue-Aiken Avenue Historic District was on the eastern edge of the Oakland community. The district includes seven contributing buildings and two noncontributing buildings. Representative architectural styles include Queen Anne and Bungalow/Craftsman. Listed in the National Register June 10, 1992. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 10, 1992
Reference number
NR name
Charlotte Avenue--Aiken Avenue Historic District
Architectural styles
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Classical Revival; American Movement: Bungalow/Craftsman; Victorian: Queen Anne
Areas of significance
Community Planning and Development; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Religious structure; Single dwelling; Church related residence
Current functions
Religious structure; Single dwelling; Multiple dwelling; Clubhouse; Church related residence
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1925-1949
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 7
Non-contributing buildings: 2

Update Log 

  • October 24, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo
  • October 24, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller