Cascade Locks Historic District

Roughly bounded by North, Howard, Innerbelt Rt. 59 and the canal from Locks 10 to 16, including discontiguous parts N, Akron, Ohio

Photos 

Lock 15

Looking upstream.

Photo taken by Jim Allen in June 2016

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Map 

Description 

This district contains locks 10 through 19 of the Ohio & Erie Canal on the north side of Akron. The Ohio & Erie Canal went from Lake Erie at Cleveland to the Ohio River at Portsmouth. Locks 10 through 15, several buildings, and railroad bridges are in a continuous section. Locks 16, 17, 18, & the remains of lock 19 wasteway are in separate locations downstream. Construction on this portion of the canal began in 1825. It opened in 1827 and operated until a 1913 flood. The village of Akron was established the year the canal construction started.

In addition to the locks & wasteways the district contains: The Mustill store (now a visitors center), the Mustill house, the Swinehart Tire Co.(building now reused), 2 Valley Line Railway bridges (part of Valley Railway Historic District), 3 Northern Ohio RR bridges, the American Rubber Co. (now Ace Rubber Co.), a mill race, 2 buildings on Howard Street, and a Valley RR spur line to the Beach St. Power Plant which crosses on a bridge over Howard Street. Since the historic listing the Valley RR spur line bridge has been replaced with a modern bridge for a bicycling / hiking trail, the power plant has been demolished, and 1 of the buildings on Howard St. has been demolished.

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 10, 1992
Reference number
92001627
Architectural styles
American Movement: Chicago; Mid 19th Century Revival: Exotic Revival; Other architectural type; The Commercial Style
Areas of significance
Industry; Engineering; Transportation; Architecture
Level of significance
Local
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
District
Historic functions
Water-related; Single dwelling; Manufacturing facility
Current function
Manufacturing facility
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1825-1849; 1925-1949
Significant years
1827; 1892; 1907
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 9
Contributing structures: 22
Contributing sites: 4
Non-contributing buildings: 5
Non-contributing structures: 11

Tags 

19th Century (36,419)
Akron, Ohio (57)
American Movement (6,254)
Brick (42,457)
Built 1827 (127)
Built during 1820s (1,798)
Chicago (382)
District (10,206)
Exotic Revival (7,379)
Mid 19th Century Revival (7,958)
Ohio (5,072)
Stone (26,162)
Summit County, Ohio (187)

Update Log 

  • August 23, 2016: New photos from Jim Allen
  • July 22, 2016: Updated by Jim Allen: added description
  • July 19, 2016: New photos from Jim Allen