William Enston Home

900 King St., Charleston, South Carolina

Photos 

The William Enston Home, Memorial Hall-Right Oblique

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Description 

The William Enston Home, a complex constructed between the initial acquisition of the property in 1882 and 1933, is significant as an early example of benevolent and philanthropic efforts to provide housing for the elderly. Funded by an 1859 bequest from William Enston, an Englishman who immigrated to Charleston in the early nineteenth century, the home was intended to house the aged and infirm in a manner similar to the home in Enstonís native Canterbury. As such, the William Enston Home may be the oldest such complexes in the South. The home was established on the north end of the Charleston peninsula on the former Storen farm. The initial portions of the Enston Home complex were built between 1884 and 1888, with additional buildings and structures built in 1893, 1927, and 1933. The site consists of 27 buildings, 2 structures, and 12.1 landscaped acres. With its neat rows of detached double cottages set amid spacious landscaped grounds, the Home provides an unusual and well-preserved example of nineteenth century picturesque suburban-planning concepts adapted to a charitable and institutional function. It is also locally significant as an example of the Romanesque Revival style, rare in Charleston. Listed in the National Register April 25, 1996. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on April 25, 1996
Reference number
96000493
NR name
Enston, William, Home
Architectural styles
American Movement: Bungalow/Craftsman; Victorian: Queen Anne; Victorian: Romanesque
Areas of significance
Community Planning and Development; Social History; Architecture
Level of significance
State
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction; A - Event
Property type
District
Historic functions
Water works; Clinic; Secondary structure; Religious structure; Institutional housing
Current functions
Secondary structure; Institutional housing
Periods of significance
1925-1949; 1900-1924; 1875-1899
Significant years
1884; 1893; 1927
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 27
Contributing structures: 2
Contributing sites: 1

Update Log 

  • January 22, 2016: New Street View added by Michael Miller
  • August 19, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • July 29, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View"
  • July 29, 2014: New Street View added by Michael Miller

Sources