Bellevue Historic District

Also known as: Cottontown
Roughly bounded by Sumter St., Anthony Ave., Bull St., and Elmwood Ave., Columbia, South Carolina


1228 Confederate Ave.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at


Street View 


The Bellevue Historic District is significant for its high concentration of intact examples of early twentieth-century residential architecture placed among intact historic streetscapes. The district is a collection of 233 residential properties, 177 of which are contributing properties. The properties date from the early twentieth century to 1945. Bellevue is an intact example of one of the earliest planned suburban residential neighborhoods in Columbia whose appearance has been largely unaltered by the passage of time. As one of the earliest suburban areas annexed into the city of Columbia, Bellevue played an important role in the early expansion of the capital city beyond its original northern boundary. Today, Bellevue is commonly known as “Cottontown,” named for the cotton storage warehouses that once operated in the area. The neighborhood sits on land once owned by the Wallace family, who, in ca. 1893, sold to the state property which is now the S.C. State Hospital campus. Although several early twentieth-century house types are present, including Tudor Revival and Colonial Revival, the Craftsman/Bungalow is the most prevalent type. In general, the homes retain their historic appearance and architectural integrity. The neighborhood’s streetscapes are also largely unaltered. Listed in the National Register September 30, 1997. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on September 30, 1997
Reference number
Architectural styles
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival; American Movement
Areas of significance
Architecture; Community Planning and Development
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Multiple dwelling
Current functions
Single dwelling; Multiple dwelling
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1925-1949
Significant year
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 177
Non-contributing buildings: 46

Update Log 

  • October 6, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" & "Street View" and Imported Photo
  • October 6, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller