St. Louis Union Station

Also known as: Union Station; St. Louis Union Station and Trainshed; St. Louis Union Station Hotel, Curio Collection by Hilton
18th and Market Sts., St. Louis, Missouri


St. Louis Union Station Train Shed

1. General interior view looking down length of train shed.

Photo from the Historic American Engineering Record

View photos at Library of Congress


Street View 


St. Louis Union Station Train Shed was one of the last all enclosing train sheds built in the United States. The shed was the largest, covering an area of 378,000 square feet or the equivalent of eight football fields. Designed by engineer George H. Pegram, the shed was a continuous flattened vault of five bays supported by Pegram trusses resting on six rows of columns. It measured 600 feet wide x 630' long x 74 feet high and covered 32 tracks. At its peak during the Second World War, St. Louis Union Station and Train Shed handled nearly 100,000 passengers a day. In 1976, the station serviced only six trains daily. Since 1978, Union Station had no trains service and stood vacant. In the early 1980s developers succeeded in packaging an adaptive reuse scheme that secured enough capital to rehabilitate the station and train shed. -- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER MO-24)

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 15, 1970
Reference number
Architectural styles
Other architectural type; Victorian: Romanesque; Richardsonian Romanesque
Areas of significance
Engineering; Transportation; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Current function
Period of significance
Significant years
1891; 1894
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Contributing structures: 1

Update Log 

  • June 6, 2017: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger