Fort Freemont Battery

In ruins
Bay Point Rd., 0.3 miles (0.48 km) from Land's End Rd., Frogmore, SC

Spanish-American War era military fortification


Fort Freemont Battery

Photo taken by Michael Miller in November 2019



Street View 


Fort Fremont Battery is significant as an intact example of late nineteenth and early twentieth century military architecture. It is also significant as the major armament at one of two surviving coastal fortifications in the U.S. intact from the Spanish-American War era. Fort Fremont was one of the fortifications built under the direction of the Endicott Board, a body created in 1886 to evaluate the coastal defenses of the U.S. and named for its head, Secretary of War William C. Endicott. Fort Fremont was authorized soon after the Spanish-American War began in April 1898. It was named for Major General John C. Fremont, explorer, first presidential candidate of the Republican Party in 1856, and Civil War general. Its location was chosen to protect Beaufort from possible enemy incursions into Port Royal Sound. Although the war ended in the fall of 1898 and the Sound was never threatened, construction continued as planned. The complex was built by the Corps of Engineers with hired labor from the Beaufort area and was completed by 1900, when it was turned over to the Coast Artillery. The War Department planned to phase out the post at Fort Fremont as early as 1906, but a garrison normally numbering some one hundred officers and men was stationed there, usually conducting artillery practice and maintaining the fort and its guns, until 1911. The fort was then decommissioned and the property was sold at public auction by the War Department in June 1930. Listed in the National Register May 5, 2010.

National Register information 

Reference number
NR name
Fort Fremont Battery
Architectural style
Other architectural type; Coastal Fortification
Areas of significance
Military; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899
Significant years
1898; 1899; 1900

Update Log 

  • December 2, 2019: New photos from Michael Miller
  • August 19, 2019: New Street View added by Michael Miller
  • April 3, 2014: Added by Michael Miller