Madison County Courthouse

100 Wallace Street, Virginia City, MT

Two story Neo-classic courthouse built in 1876


Madison County Courthouse

Photo taken by Richard Doody in 1978


Street View 


The Madison County Courthouse was erected in 1875-76, making it the oldest working county courthouse in the State of Montana. The building was designed by Loren B. Olds,architect of Bannack's Meade Hotel, constructed bys Daniel Steele at a of cost $35,000.

Virginia City was incorporated early in 1864 when it was part of the Territory of Idaho. When Montana Territory was formed a short time later Madison County became one of its eight original counties. The Territorial Legislature named Virginia City as territorial capital in 1865, replacing Bannack as the seat of government. Virginia City lost the Territorial Capital to Helena in 1875 but the town remains the Madison County seat.

Update Log 

  • November 9, 2021: Updated by Bill Eichelberger: Mapped landmark
  • July 18, 2018: Added by Richard Doody