Emigrant Springs

65068 Old Oregon Trail, Meacham, OR

State Heritage Area opened in 1925


Emigrant Springs State Heritage Site

Photo taken by Richard Doody in May 2013



Emigrant Springs was a final resting spot for travelers crossing the Blue Mountains before beginning the steep descent down Cabbage Hill and on to the Columbia Plateau. The trail drops some 1,200 feet over a distance of 12 miles.

In January 1812, trappers and traders of the Astor overland expedition, under the leadership of Wilson Price Hunt, crossed the Blue Mountains in this vicinity, thus establishing the route later used by Oregon Trail emigrants. In the 1880's, the trail was replaced by the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company railroad. Land for a state park was acquired from private owners between 1925 and 1970. Extensive day-use developments were made in the 1930's by the Civilian Conservation Corps.


Camp (106)
Open to the public (2,864)
Oregon (2,461)
Umatilla County, Oregon (101)

Update Log 

  • January 25, 2019: New photos from Richard Doody
  • January 25, 2019: Added by Richard Doody


  • Richard Doody