Rensselaer County Courthouse (First)

145-147 Second Street, Troy, NY

Georgian style two story brick courthouse built in 1794 demolished in 1831


Rensselaer County Courthouse & Jail (First)

From A History of Troy & Vicinity, A.J. Weiss, 1886



Rensselaer County was created from Albany County in 1791. An act of the New York State legislature passed on January 11, 1793 authorized the town supervisors to levy a tax of 600 on the freeholders and inhabitants of the county for the purpose of erecting a courthouse and "gaol" with an additional 1000 being furnished by the state for that purpose. The act further required that the courthouse be built, "within 60 rods of the dwelling house of Stephen Ashley in the village of Troy...". Troy citizens led by Jacob Vanderheyden donated an additional 1000 to the project and Vanderheyden conveyed title to lots 145-147 on the corner of Second and Congress Streets to the county supervisors as a gift on March 22, 1793.

The Georgian style two story brick courthouse with a cupola was completed and the court of common pleas met for the first time there on the second Tuesday in June 1794. The gaol was completed in 1795. Both buildings were torn down and replaced in 1831.

Update Log 

  • March 1, 2019: New photo from Richard Doody
  • March 1, 2019: Added by Richard Doody


  • Richard Doody