Lime Kiln

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Lime, an important component of several building materials, was refined in the 19th century through the use of huge lime kilns.


Dolomite (limestone) is comprised of calcium, magnesium, carbon, and oxygen. When exposed to high temperatures, 1900║ to 2100║, the carbon is released in the form of carbon dioxide. The result is lime.

Most of eastern Wisconsin is over the Niagara Escarpment, which runs beneath the Great Lakes. In some areas of Wisconsin, such as "Lannon Springs" and Door County, dolomite was found on, or just below, the surface. So much of the stone was quarried from the Lannon area that it became known as "Lannon Stone."

In other areas, limestone was quarried and baked in kilns to create lime. Due to changing economic conditions, the lime processing in southeastern Wisconsin was pretty much done by 1920.

Belger-Cahill Lime Kiln (Hays County, Texas)
Birdsall Lime Kiln (Winneshiek County, Iowa)
Buffalo Grove Lime Kiln (Ogle County, Illinois)
Delphi Lime Kilns (Carroll County, Indiana)
Dodgeville Lime Kiln (Iowa County, Wisconsin)
Lime Kiln along Highway 191
Eastburn--Jeanes Lime Kilns Historic District (New Castle County, Delaware)
Erin Limekilns (Houston County, Tennessee)
G. A. Carlson Lime Kiln (Goodhue County, Minnesota)
Garwin Mace Lime Kilns (Waukesha County, Wisconsin)
Godey Lime Kilns (Washington, District of Columbia)
Grey Cloud Lime Kiln (Washington County, Minnesota)
Griggsville Landing Lime Kiln (Pike County, Illinois)
Hadfield Company Lime Kilns (Waukesha County, Wisconsin)
High Cliff, Wisconsin (Calumet County, Wisconsin)
1,147 acre park situated on the northeastern shore of Lake Winnebago on the Niagara Escarpment
Hurstville Lime Works (Jackson County, Iowa)
Four lime kilns that produced lime from 1870 to 1930.
Lime Kiln Park (Ozaukee County, Wisconsin)
Lime Kilns (Providence County, Rhode Island)
Lime Kilns (Utah County, Utah)
Olema Lime Kilns (Marin County, California)
Peter Houghtaling Farm and Lime Kiln (Greene County, New York)
Powell-Trollinger Lime Kilns (Catawba County, North Carolina)
Quarry Limekiln (Houston County, Tennessee)
Rose Lime Kiln (Hinsdale County, Colorado)
Sharon Valley Lime Kiln (Litchfield County, Connecticut)
Trimborn Farm (Milwaukee County, Wisconsin)
A preserved example of a mid-19th Century dairy farm and a typical lime operation.
William Johnston Lime Kiln (Waukesha County, Wisconsin)