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According to the Wisconsin Historical Society, Cobblestone Architecture is a method of construction that used a veneer of cobblestones embedded into mortar. The method came to Wisconsin by way of New England craftsmen who came into the area in the mid 19th century, and the method was used for about 30 years. Most of the structures built this way were in Racine, Rock, Walworth and Waukesha Counties, although there is a beautifully preserved example, the Edward Dodge House
, in Port Washington, in Ozaukee County. The Bradley H. Marcy House
(also known as "The Cobblestone House") in Eau Claire, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin, is one of the latest examples of the method.
Along with the Buena Vista House
in East Troy (also known as "The Cobblestone Inn") the Enterprise Building
in Palmyra, Jefferson County, Wisconsin, serve as examples of commercial enterprises that used the building method.
Cobblestones were usually carefully selected by
size, shape and color to give a desired effect.
The Justin Weed House in Kenosha, Wisconsin,
demonstrates the technique of carefully selecting
stones by color and by shape to create patterns
in a repeating pattern of courses.
Rows of cobblestones were placed in mortar to create the effect. Stones were often chosen and separated out by size, shape and color to create a desired effect. In some cases, alternating rows of similarly colored stones gave a striped effect. In Newburg, Washington County, Wisconsin, St. Peter's Church was built with larger stones on the bottom courses, descending to succeeding smaller stones in the higher courses. A series of similarly colored stones was used to build a cross into the front fašade.
Cobblestones used to build St. Peter's Church in
Newburg include this cross embedded into the stonework.
Many fine examples of this unique style of building are extant in Wisconsin, perhaps elsewhere as well, waiting to be added to this category.
See also the category Cobblestone Buildings of Rock County TR for more fine examples of Cobblestone Architecture in Rock County, Wisconsin.
Buena Vista House
(Walworth County, Wisconsin)Stone and mortar home repurposed as a restaurant.
Edward Dodge House
(Ozaukee County, Wisconsin)Cobblestone constructon home, repurposed to be the local visitor's center.
Franklyn Hazelo House
(Racine County, Wisconsin)Unusual cobblestone house of significant historical value in rural Burlington
(Waukesha County, Wisconsin)Modest, one-and-a-half-story, cobblestone dwelling