Crossroads Communities in Kentucky's Bluegrass Cultural Landscape Region MPS

The crossroads community as a property type in Kentucky has not yet been closely examined or well defined. The full span of sources consulted to explore this subject is listed in Section H, Summary of Identification and Evaluation Methods, beginning on page 31. The best definition to date is Christine Amos’ “The Bluegrass Cultural Landscape,” a report examining the cultural landscapes of thirteen Inner Bluegrass counties. It sought to develop historic contexts and property types found in the Bluegrass Region. In the report, Amos noted that Outer Bluegrass counties—where Marion and Washington Counties reside—are “. . . known to contain historic resources with historic and physical attributes similar to those of the Inner region.”i Amos described the crossroads community property type within the Inner Bluegrass, projecting its qualities to the entire Bluegrass Region. She noted that the period of significance for crossroads communities may begin in the settlement period and extend through the depression “. . . although the majority of these communities date to the antebellum or late periods when economic and social changes and improved local transportation resulted in new ways of commerce and trade in rural regions.” Amos described that crossroads communities were most often found in predominantly agricultural areas and were often related to a manufacturing property type such as a mill or distillery, or a transportation property type such as a historic road alignment, stage station, or railroad. The crossroads community is considered an eligible district if the integrity of its components remains high enough.

Gravel Switch Historic District (Marion County, Kentucky)
Loretto Historic District (Marion County, Kentucky)
Mackville Historic District (Washington County, Kentucky)
Willisburg Historic District (Washington County, Kentucky)